'''Herbert Spencer''' (27 April 1820 – 8 December 1903) was an English philosopher, biologist
, and prominent Classical liberalism|classical liberal political theorist
of the Victorian era
Spencer developed an all-embracing conception of evolutionism|evolution
as the progressive development of the physical world, biological organisms, the human mind, and human culture and societies. He was "an enthusiastic exponent of evolution" and even "wrote about evolution before Charles Darwin|Darwin
[Riggenbach, Jeff (24 April 2011) [https://mises.org/daily/5206/The-Real-William-Graham-Sumner The Real William Graham Sumner], Mises Institute]
As a polymath
, he contributed to a wide range of subjects, including ethics, religion, anthropology, economics, political theory, philosophy, literature, astronomy, biology, sociology, and psychology. During his lifetime he...